Busoni, Ferruccio

(1866-1924)
   pianist and composer; his famous pupils included Paul Hindemith,* Kurt Weill,* and Percy Grainger. Born in Empoli (near Florence) to a clarinettist, he was deemed a child prodigy at age four; at eight he gave his first recital in Triest. In 1881, at fifteen, he was named to Italy's Reale Accademia filarmonica. Brahms recommended him to Carl Rei-necke in Leipzig, where, with his interpretations of Grieg, he gained consider-able notice. He composed two string quartets in Leipzig and began transcribing some of Bach's organ works for piano.
   Awarded Moscow's Rubinstein Prize in 1890, Busoni was internationally re-nowned when he moved to Berlin* in 1894. Excepting tours and a war-induced retreat to Switzerland, he remained in Berlin for the next thirty years. From 1902 his concerts of new music with the Berlin Philharmonic—he premiered the works of Arnold Schoenberg*—became famous. Moreover, as composer of controversial instrumental works and operas, he earned a place among the pio-neers of modern music. Although his chief compositions highlight the piano, his operatic works, especially Turandot and Doktor Faust (completed posthumously by a friend), are precursors to the musical theater* that blossomed under Weill and Bertolt Brecht.* In his last years (1921-1924) he taught the compo-sition master class for the Prussian Academy of Arts.
   REFERENCES:NDB, vol. 3; New Grove, vol. 3; Schebera, Kurt Weill.

A Historical dictionary of Germany's Weimar Republic, 1918-1933. .

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  • Busoni,Ferruccio Benvenuto — Bu·so·ni (bo͞o zōʹnē, byo͞o ), Ferruccio Benvenuto. 1866 1924. Italian pianist, conductor, and composer known for his flamboyant style. His works include operas, concertos for piano and violin, and orchestral pieces. * * * …   Universalium

  • Busoni, Ferruccio (Dante Michelangiolo Benvenuto) — born April 1, 1866, Empoli, Tuscany died July 27, 1924, Berlin, Ger. Italian born German composer and pianist. He first performed in public at age 7, and at 12 he conducted his own Stabat Mater. He taught in Helsinki, Moscow, and Boston before… …   Universalium

  • Busoni, Ferruccio (Dante Michelangiolo Benvenuto) — (1 abr. 1866, Empoli, Toscana–27 jul. 1924, Berlín, Alemania). Compositor y pianista alemán nacido en Italia. Su primera aparición en público fue a la edad de siete años y a los 12 dirigió su propio Stabat Mater. Enseñó en Helsinki, Moscú y… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • Busoni — Busoni,   Ferruccio Benvenuto, italienisch deutscher Komponist und Pianist, * Empoli (bei Florenz) 1. 4. 1866, ✝ Berlin 27. 7. 1924; studierte seit 1886 bei C. Reinecke in Leipzig und erwarb sich auf Konzertreisen einen Ruf als hervorragender… …   Universal-Lexikon

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